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    传统六大材料在沙盘模型制作中的利与弊
    2016-6-29 16:11:24
    相信大家也知道,模型材料在沙盘模型制作过程中是不可缺少的部分,不同材料的使用对模型作品产生不一样的效果,作为模型行业的一个多年的老公司,我们济南沙盘模型公司对于模型材料的使用有着独特的看法,下面就为大家介绍一下传统六大材料在沙盘模型制作中的利与弊。
    I believe we all know, material model in the sand table model of the production process is an indispensable part, different materials used to model works produce different effect, as a model industry for many years of the old company, Jinan sand table model of the company for the use of material model has a unique view, the following for everyone to introduce advantages and disadvantages of the traditional six materials in the sand table model.
    1、木制模型材料的有利方面是质轻、密度小、具可塑性、易加工成型和易涂饰、材质与色纹美丽;其不好的是易燃、易受虫害影响,并会出现裂纹和弯曲变形等情况。
    The beneficial aspects of wooden material model is lightweight, small density, plasticity, easy processing and finishing, material and color pattern beautiful; the bad is flammable, vulnerable to pests affecting and will crack and bending deformation.
    2、玻璃钢模型材料的有利方面是强度高、破损安全性好、成型工艺性优越,可制作批量产品。而且,在玻璃钢材料表面上漆等材质处理方面具有较好的应用性能,特别是在大型产品后期模型制作中,有着不可代替的优势。它也可以在一些产品的试生产阶段做到与生产线上产品一样的效果;其弊是耐磨性差,翻模制作麻烦。
    the glass fiber reinforced plastic model material is of high strength, good damage, good safety, molding process is superior, can make a lot of products. And in the glass steel material surface paint and other materials processing has the better application performance, especially in large product in the late model making, has irreplaceable advantages. It can also be in a number of products in the trial production stage and the production line products as the same effect; its disadvantages are poor wear resistance, turning the mold making trouble.
    3、石膏模型材料成型虽然方便,具有易于直接浇注、车削加工成型、模板刮削成型、翻制粗模成型后加工、骨架浇注成型加工等较好的地方;但是,如果用石膏制作大模型则会出现体积过重的问题,不易搬动,容易损坏,而且与其他材料连接的效果也欠佳。
    plaster models of material forming although convenient, with easy to direct casting, machining molding, template scrape formed, making coarse molding processing, skeleton casting molding processing good place; but if gypsum production model will appear heavy volume, easy to move, easy to damage and connected with other materials.
    4、塑料模型材料的是质轻、强度高、耐化学腐蚀性好,具有优异的绝缘性能而且耐磨损(除发泡塑料)。热塑性塑料还可以受热成型(如聚氯乙烯、有机玻璃、ABS塑料),成型效果好;其弊是加工麻烦,费时、费事。
    plastic model material is light weight, high strength, good chemical resistance, good insulation performance and wear resistance (in addition to foam plastic). Thermoplastic plastics can also be heated forming, such as polyvinyl chloride, organic glass, ABS plastic, good molding effect; its disadvantages is processing trouble, time-consuming, trouble.
    5、纸质模型材料的有利一面是价廉物美、适用范围广;且品种、规格、色彩多样,易于折切割、加工、变化和塑形;上手快表现力强。其弊是材料物理行性较差、强度低、吸湿性强、受潮易变形,在建筑模型制作过程中,粘接速度慢,成型后不易修整。
    paper model material beneficial side is cheap, wide application range; and varieties, specifications, color variety, easy to break cutting, processing, transformation and shaping; the overhand soon strong expressive force. The advantages and disadvantages are that the material has poor physical properties, low intensity, strong moisture absorption and easy deformation. In the process of building the model, the bonding speed is slow, and the molding is not easy to be repaired.
    6、油泥模型材料加工由于其材料的优良性能,不但加工方便、可塑性强,而且表面不易开裂并可以收光和刮腻后打磨涂饰,还可以反复修改与回收使用,所以比较适合制作一些形态复杂与体量较大的模型;其弊是一方面模型尺寸的准确性难以把握,需要借助精确的放样或三坐标点测和对称定位加工,才能有效地保证形态的精确性。另一方面是在制作大模型时,必须与其他材料配合使用,才能节约材料成本和保证模型的强度。
    clay model material processing due to the excellent performance of the material, not only has the advantages of convenient processing, plasticity, and the surface is not easy cracking and light harvesting and scraping greasy polishing after finishing, also can be repeatedly modified and recycling and so is more suitable for the production of some complex shape and dimension larger model; its disadvantages is the accuracy on the one hand, the size of the model is difficult to grasp, need to use precise lofting or three coordinates measuring and processing of symmetrical positioning, can effectively guarantee the shape precision. On the other hand, it must be used in conjunction with other materials to save material cost and ensure the strength of the model.
    因此我们在济南沙盘模型公司制作中,对材料使用要有综合的考虑与分析,这样才能做到更合理地使用材料,做出更好的 模型作品 。
    So we in the sand table model, on the material used to have a comprehensive consideration and analysis, so as to achieve a more rational use of materials, make better model works.